Institute of Transport Science
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Railway signalling lab
Master thesis | RSE
How to find us
Railway signalling lab
Master thesis | RSE
Projects at the Institute of Transport Science (selection)
Projects Railway Engineering and Transport Economics
Information about projects are only available in
ProjectsAir Transport and Airport Research
Project "Operational Flight Procedures for Noise Reduction at Cologne/Bonn Airport" (2014-2020)
Although the growth of the aviation market brings various benefits to many different sectors of the society, there are as well consequences in the environmental domain. The increase in noise levels and emissions around airports is harming both the environment and the communities living in these areas. Consequently, measures to reduce the impact of airport operations on the environment need to be taken. Newer aircraft on the market perform significantly better in this domain, not only are they quieter and emit fewer gases and particles to the environment, but also consume less fuel when compared to older counterparts. However, the fleet modernization is a slow process due to its extreme high costs and it will take several years until the full benefits provided by this newer aircraft are experienced. A measure that can be implemented in a short-term is the optimization of arrival and departure procedures. In this ongoing project, different departure climb profiles are analyzed for the specific characteristics and conditions of Cologne/Bonn Airport, and the trade-offs between noise, emissions and fuel consumption are evaluated. The Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT) developed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is used to simulate both real scenarios with measurement data and possible future scenarios, and estimate the benefits and disadvantages of different climb profiles for each combination of aircraft type and engine.
Noise is a significant problem in the communities around airports, and effective measures are needed to reduce the noise produced by airport operations. The analysis of different noise abatement departure procedures through the use of noise simulation can help airports reduce their noise footprint and impact on the communities around them. At the same time, it is equally important to analyze the trade-offs between noise, emissions and fuel consumption, so that decision-making can be done considering all the impacts of aviation to communities and the environment.
Research project "URAF - Urban and Regional Air Freight"; supported by grants from the State of North Rhine-Westphalia and the European Union; cooperation partner: Institute for Urban Construction and Urban Transport (ISB), Institute for Aerospace Systems (ILR), Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology (IPT), Cologne Bonn Airport, Flugplatz Aachen Merzbrück GmbH, e.SAT GmbH (2019-2022)
Increasing urbanisation and rising transport services in developed industrial nations are pushing existing transport networks to their limits. There is also a growing demand for the shortest possible delivery of goods for private individuals and companies. The latest developments in the field of small electric aircraft and vertical take-off aircraft enable completely new solutions. Therefore, the URAF project aims at the conception and modelling of a "green" logistics chain based on locally emission-free, electrically operated and low-noise aircraft. The exemplary testing of the aircraft and the necessary infrastructure envisaged in the project starts at an international commercial airport within NRW, leads via a commercial airfield to urban city hubs and ends at the end customer's front door. Using this supply chain as an example, the potential of a locally emission-free, electric air freight of the future is to be quantified and thus made available to stakeholders from private industry. The aim is to develop realistic and sustainable modular implementation strategies in order to position NRW in the best possible way for future extended "green" air logistics. Within the scope of the project, the VIA will establish requirements for take-off and landing sites and design logistics concepts for the urban landing site and the city hub. The capacity of the airfields in terms of aircraft as well as the amount of goods handled will be quantified in simulations. Furthermore, legal framework conditions will be examined and emissions of the "air freight of the future" in the form of noise and pollutants will be investigated.
Research Project "FKBFTI"; funded by the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure; cooperation partners: Cologne/Bonn Airport (2019-2020)
The Cologne/Bonn Airport Air Taxi Infrastructure (FKBFTI) project ran in 2019 in cooperation with Cologne/Bonn Airport and received funding from the BMVI as part of the mFUND research initiative. The aim of the project was to define the infrastructural requirements and flight operational regulations for an air taxi service at Cologne/Bonn Airport. The results were assembled in a feasibility study.
Within the scope of the project, the VIA examined legal framework conditions with regard to relevant requirements for a future take-off and landing infrastructure. These requirements were used to evaluate possible locations at Cologne/Bonn Airport. Subsequently, the conceptual design of a possible take-off and landing infrastructure for an exemplary, suitable location was carried out. The concepts and considerations developed within the project were finally merged into a simulation model in order to be able to simulate the capacitive framework conditions of a future air taxi service for the first time.
Research project "IndiLuV - Concept development and evaluation for automated individual air traffic between urban agglomerations"; funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF); cooperation partners: Chair of Information Management in Mechanical Engineering (IMA), Institute of Flight System Dynamics (FSD), Institute of Aerospace Systems (ILR) (2017-2018)
Within the BMBF project IndiLuV, the development of a sustainable overall concept for an automated, individual and demand-oriented passenger transport between urban agglomerations was investigated. The focus was on the socio-technical implementation of automated, electrically powered small aircraft for individual passenger transport. Essential aspects are the technical design of means of transport and infrastructure as well as the acceptance and trust towards such transport concepts among the general population. The project therefore investigated user requirements, possible effects and scenarios for automated and individual air transport solutions within the framework of a socio-technical innovation analysis. The project came to the conclusion that autonomous passenger aviation has the potential to relieve ground-based transport infrastructure and significantly shorten travel times between metropolitan areas. At the same time, challenges such as user integration and integration into the existing transport network still exist. A detailed airside and landside simulation of aircraft and passenger movements is the next step for a specific dimensioning of the ground infrastructure in the context of possible follow-up projects.
Research project "Competitive Airport" (2007-2010), financed by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. Partners: Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (German ANSP), Deutsche Lufthansa AG, German Aerospace Center, Fraport AG et al.
Research project "ASSET" (since 2008) -
"Aeronautic Study on Seamless Transport"
, financed by the EU's Seventh Framework Programme. Partners: German Aerospace Center (Project Coordinator), Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics of RWTH Aachen University, Airbus S.A.S., Sagem Sécurité, Siemens AG et al.
Research project "TITAN" (since 2009) -
"Turnaround Integration in Trajectoy and Network"
, financed by the EU's Seventh Framework Programme. Partners: AENA, Jeppesen, Ineco, Isdefe, Boeing Espana, Slot Consulting et al.
Consulting activity "ATMAP" (since 2007) - "ATM Airport Performance" by order of the Performance Review Unit of EUROCONTROL.
Projects within the framework the Excellence Initiative
(ERS -Exploratory Research Space)
VATSS - Virtual Air Traffic System Simulation (since 2009))
ATVLCA - Air Transport Vehicle Life Cycle Analysis (since 2009)
Further projects and consulting activities in cooperation with:
Airport Research Center GmbH
Deutsche Lufthansa AG
German Aerospace Center (DLR)
Cologne Bonn Airport
Flugplatz Strausberg GmbH
Last update: 29-04-2021
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